In our previous blogs, we have gone through functions like mean, median, and mode. Today, we will be looking into min and max functions in R to find the minimum and maximum values in R. We can use these functions with a vector and a Dataframe as well. 

min and max functions in R

Syntax of min and max function in R

Min and Max: The min and max functions in r is used to find the minimum and maximum values present in the data.

min(data, na.rm = F)
max(data, na.rm = F)

Where,

Data = The input data.

na.rm = Mention true to remove NA values in the data.

A simple example of min and max functions

In this section, we will be looking into the working of min and max functions in r programming. Let’s start with a simple example.

#Vector with values
df <- c(23,43,45,65,45,34,56,76,56)
#Returns minimum value of the vector
min(df)
23
#Returns maximum value of the vector
max(df)
76

Yes, as simple as that. You have to pass the vector to these functions to get the both highest and lowest values present in the vector.

Working with the dataframe

Let’s use these functions to get the min and max values present in the dataframe. Let’s use the iris dataset for this purpose. Import the data and get the things started.

#Imports the data
df <- datasets::iris
#Display data
df
        Sepal.Length Sepal.Width Petal.Length Petal.Width Species
1            5.1         3.5          1.4         0.2     setosa
2            4.9         3.0          1.4         0.2     setosa
3            4.7         3.2          1.3         0.2     setosa
4            4.6         3.1          1.5         0.2     setosa
5            5.0         3.6          1.4         0.2     setosa
6            5.4         3.9          1.7         0.4     setosa
7            4.6         3.4          1.4         0.3     setosa
8            5.0         3.4          1.5         0.2     setosa
9            4.4         2.9          1.4         0.2     setosa
10           4.9         3.1          1.5         0.1     setosa

The data is ready now. Let’s roll!!!

min(df$Sepal.Length)
4.3
min(df$Petal.Length)
1
max(df$Sepal.Length)
7.9
max(df$Petal.Length)
6.9

That’s fantastic!. We got both the minimum and maximum values of the specific columns present in the dataset of iris.

Min and max in R with NA values

Many times, the data will contain NA values. To deal with them we can use the na.rm parameter to negate them.

Let’s see how it works.

#Vector
df <- c(23,54,67,54,NA,45,NA,67,NA,NA,34,0,76)
#Returns min value
min(df)
#Returns max value
max(df)
NA
NA

You can see the errors. Let’s use na.rm function to negate them.

min(df, na.rm = T)
max(df, na.rm = T)
0
76

Wrapping Up

The min and max functions in R are used to get the minimum and maximum values present in the input data. You can go through this article and practice on your own to get the better of this topic. Happy R!!!